Why does back pain come back? And how to prevent it

Man with poor posture at table at risk of back painBack pain recurs when the stresses and strains on your back overcome your body’s ability to deal with them. Daily activities like bending, lifting and long periods of sitting with poor posture can put a strain on the spine which it can normally cope with very well. Unfortunately, if there is an underlying issue which reduces your ability to manage these forces then the back muscles, joints or discs can get irritated and start to hurt.

Back pain often comes and goes. If you have a mild episode of back pain it will often get better by itself over a few days or week or two. Even though the pain may be gone, however, the underlying dysfunction which caused the problem in the first place may still be lurking. When this happens a simple movement may strain something in the back and the pain flares up again.

As each episode of back pain strikes the more likely it is that you will have another back attack. These episodes often get worse the longer the problem is unresolved and get more and more frequent and last for longer each time. So what can you do about it?

There are three things that help reduce recurrent back pain:

  1. Take regular exercise

Staying active is the single most important thing to prevent back pain from returning. Whilst back muscle or core exercises are very useful in the treatment of low back pain, no one particular exercise regime has been shown to be better than any other when it comes to prevention. This means that any sort of regular moderate exercise can help prevent back pain. It’s probably more important to do something that you enjoy and is easy to get to so that you keep doing it.

  1. Watch your posture and movement

Well known simple things make a big difference like bending your knees when you bend and lift; not sitting at your desk or on a sofa for too long and making sure your normal back curve is maintained by putting a cushion in the small of your back. Sometimes you will need to avoid deep soft sofas too. Being aware of these things is often enough to improve your posture sufficiently to take the strain off your back.

  1. Get stiff spinal joints sorted out

Even though the low back pain may have gone, silent spinal joint dysfunction can persist. Improving the mobility of these joints has been shown to prevent future bouts of pain. That’s why we recommend a periodic check-up by one of our chiropractors every few months if you are prone to recurring back pain. It can make a big difference and can save time and money in the long run.


Stress affects back pain

Other things can also increase the likelihood of another bout of back pain. Stress, anxiety and depression have been associated with persistent or recurrent low back pain. A post on this is coming soon.